Gluten-Free French Lemon Tart or Pie

I came to this French lemon tart almost a month ago, in the beginning of November. It was one of the first things I baked since coming back from Fiji, acquainting myself once again with measuring different flours and working with ingredients. The first time I made it, it was an instant hit with my brother – he wanted two pieces before even tasting it, ultimately eating most of it.

As we turn the corner to a New Year, I thought it would be good to make it again as a way to inject a little zest (pun intended) into the spirit of ringing in 2012. Using Meyer lemons instead of regular lemons, it also brings a splash of colour during the cold months of winter. (Meyer lemons are sweeter than regular lemons and are generally described as a cross between lemons and mandarin oranges or tangerines. They are typically available from early February or March into May, although they can be available even earlier depending on location.)

The crust for this tart was new to me. Instead of the usual pastry crust I opted to try a pastry dough David Lebovitz posted about, which is made similar in style to pate a choux. The butter, with some other ingredients, is melted in the oven. Flour is dumped in and stirred until it’s made into dough, then it is baked into a crust and filled with a lemon curd filling cooked over the stove top.

This pastry dough intrigued me and, though seemingly unorthodox (you’ll find out why if you read Mr. Lebovitz’s post), sounded easy enough. The first time round I made it, it was good but it crumbled easily and the slices of tart/pie ended up more as mush than an actual slice. I made it again, with a slight change in the flour blend (more starch), and it held better and when it was ready to serve, there were proper slices. The crust did not crumble.

Wishing all of you a Happy New Year, here’s to 2012!

French Lemon Tart or Pie
Adapted from David Lebovitz

If you’re using regular lemons, up the amount of honey to 1/2 cup or 1 cup of sugar. If you’re using sugar instead of honey, increase the amount of sugar to 1/3 cup (65 grams; I halved this amount in grams when I substituted the originally called for sugar with honey) if you’re using Meyer lemons. The filling is tart, so you may wish to taste and tweak it to your liking.

The finished crust is not like a standard pie crust as this pastry dough is much softer, as the butter is melted and the flour is dumped in – much in the style of pate a choux. If you refrigerate the tart for a spell after the filling’s been set in the oven, the tart holds better overall when sliced and served.

I do not have a tart pan at the moment, so I used a pie pan.

Gluten-free French pastry dough:
Adapted from a recipe by Paule Caillat via David Lebovitz

90 grams unsalted butter, cut into pieces
1 tbsp vegetable oil (I used olive oil, which is what I had on hand)
3 tbsp water
3/4 tbsp honey
1/8 tsp salt
50 grams brown rice flour
50 grams millet flour
25 grams tapioca starch
25 grams sweet rice flour

Preheat oven to 410ºF.

In an ovenproof bowl melt the butter, oil, water, honey, and salt in the oven for 10 to 15 minutes, or until the butter has melted and has started to brown round the edges.

Measure and sift the flours together in a medium bowl.

Carefully remove from the oven with oven mitts as the bowl will be very hot and the butter might sputter. Dump all the flours in at once and mix with a wooden spoon, until a dough forms that pulls away from the sides of the bowl.

Transfer the ball of dough into a 9-inch pie pan (or tart pan with a removable bottom). Once the dough is cool enough to handle, spread it across the bottom with the heel of your hand and press the dough up the sides of the pan with your finger. (If you’re using a pie pan, only go halfway up the sides.)

Prick the crust with the tines of a fork and bake it in the oven for 10 to 15 minutes, until golden brown. The crust may puff up a bit while baking and that’s fine. Cool the crust completely before filling.


1/2 cup freshly squeezed lemon juice (3 to 4 lemons), plus zest from 1 lemon (I used Meyer lemons; see above head note)
31 grams honey
85 grams unsalted butter
2 large or medium eggs
2 large or medium egg yolks

Preheat the oven to 350ºF.

Heat the lemon juice, lemon zest, honey, and butter over medium heat in a medium non-reactive saucepan.

Beat together the eggs and egg yolks in a small bowl. As soon as the butter is melted, whisk some of the warm lemon mixture into the eggs while stirring rapidly at the same time.

Lower the heat to low. Mix the tempered eggs into the saucepan with the rest of the mixture and cook over low heat, stirring constantly as it cooks. (This step is important and I cannot stress it enough. Stir it the entire time the filling cooks and pay constant attention, otherwise the eggs will not cook properly and it’ll look like scrambled eggs.) The filling is done when it has thickened and begins to bubble. It should look and feel smooth.

Pour the lemon curd filling through a fine-mesh strainer (or food cover, which I use in lieu of a proper strainer), directly into the pre-baked tart crust. Use a rubber spatula to press the filling through. Throw away any cooked egg bits.

Smooth the top of the tart and bake it for 5 minutes to set the filling. Remove from the oven and allow it to cool before slicing and serving. Once it’s cool enough, you may refrigerate it to set it further.

Serve and enjoy!

Click here to download to your mobile device or save to your computer.

12 thoughts on “Gluten-Free French Lemon Tart or Pie

    1. Hi Heidi, I had a sliver of the tart this morning and I dare say it’s even better the next day. It’s everything a gluten-free tart/pie should be. If your mother is a big lemon lover, then this tart should really hit the spot. Happy New Year to you, too! 🙂

  1. I have enjoyed Meyer lemons so much since you first mentioned them.
    I was surprised to get a great deal at Costco of all places on them last week and this recipe sounds delicious. You have converted me! 🙂
    On a side note, THE David Lebovitz commented? WOW! I bought his eBook from Amazon and loved it. If you don’t have it I highly recommended it :

    1. Meyer lemons do seem to becoming more and more easily available! I’d like to do at least one or two savoury recipes with them as well, like a pasta dish.

      I’ve not read his book, despite it being on my to do list for ages. Maybe I’ll change that now! Thanks for the link. 🙂 And yes, he did comment! Very chuffed!

  2. Look at that bright yellow both in the tart and the photo of the lemon mixture in the bowl–stunning! What a great recipe, Zoe. Thanks so much for sharing with us to kick off the new year! 🙂


    1. Hi Mary, apologies for not getting back to you sooner. I only did the flours in grams because that’s how the original recipe was written (although David does include a cup measurement), plus it was easier for me to figure out and divide the wheat flour for the gluten-free substitutes that way. I remeasured the four flours, first in grams and then measuring those amounts in a cup. Here are the conversions:

      50 grams brown rice flour = about 1/2 cup
      50 grams millet flour = about 1/2 cup
      25 grams tapioca starch = 1/8 cup
      25 grasp cornstarch = 1/8 cup

      Neither the brown rice flour or millet flour fully reached the top of the cup and I couldn’t even call it a scant cup, as that is too vague. For your convenience, I snapped photos of the cup with both flours, respectively, so you would have an idea. Please follow the Flickr links to see the photos.

      Millet flour
      Brown rice flour

      For cup measurements for the butter, you can go to David Lebovitz’s original post, where he includes those measurements. I learned that for myself and my readers, it easier to include the amount of butter used in grams since, whenever I eyeball it, my impression of the amount I think I used is generally more than the actual amount or less. When I list the amount in grams, I feel I am less likely to lead my readers astray when they’re following one of my recipes or one I have adapted.

      For the honey, simply fill a 1/3 measuring cup halfway. If you grease it first with a little vegetable oil (even olive oil works), the honey will easily slip out and no mess.

      I hope that you find this information helpful.

Leave a comment

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s