Grain-Free Chocolate Popover Cakes (GFCF)

It was only yesterday that I finally (!) got a hold of The Gluten-Free  Almond Flour Cookbook from my library. I put it on hold ages ago and it only just came in. If the title sounds familiar, it’s probably because you’ve been to the author Elana Amsterdam’s blog, Elana’s Pantry. Would I recommend her cookbook? Definitely. The book is nothing short of beautiful colour photography and has ninety-nine recipes included, all made with almond flour and sweetened with agave nectar. The cookbook is also just the right size, too, for carrying around and resting on your kitchen counter for it to be by your side as you cook or bake out of it.

Because all her recipes are made with almond flour [edit: some recipes also use arrowroot powder], the recipes are very easy and simple – at a glance, that goes for even the more complicated ones. In my own experience with baking with almond flour, it is much simpler to use because you’re not having to deal with a mix of gluten-free grain flours as is often the case with gluten-free baking by and large. Baking with gluten-free flour mixes, which here I mean working with a variety of flours, i.e. one cup of this flour, one cup of that flour, not pre-mixed baking mixes, isn’t hard either but it can feel complicated to those new to gluten-free baking and are still learning to get their way around. Baking with almond flour alone will not give the same results as baking with wheat or other gluten flours, or even gluten-free flours, but many things often taste just as good, if not better, depending on what it is you’re making.

As Elana’s recipes are based on using almond flour, her recipes can be easily tweaked for the Specific Carbohydrate Diet – really, the only thing you could tweak is just substituting the agave nectar [edit: and yacon syrup, which she also uses] with honey instead. Chocolate is not one of things allowed on the SCD for what is a largely unknown reason, or at least never has been fully explained, but if you want to treat yourself, this is it. Or at least one of several. Sugar-free, dairy-free, grain-free, and, of course, gluten-free.

My brother perused the cookbook and picked out what he wanted, which was the chocolate cake. After a long debate about if that’s the cake he wanted to how he wanted the cake (“Do you mean you want a layer cake, like in the picture?”) to whether or not it should have icing (initially no, later yes) it went from cake to cupcakes. And after a final question, are you sure, absolutely sure, that’s what you want? he and I set out to make it. It should be mentioned that this recipe is very child-friendly; my brother practically helped with every step. The only thing he didn’t help out with as much was the icing, mainly out of that it’s a little more precise as far as beating egg whites (if you’re guessing, yes, by hand – I know) and pouring in the agave in that slow, steady stream.

I’m calling these popover cakes because I baked them in popover liners but cupcake liners would do just as well. I was going to call them popcakes (popover plus cake) but then remembered those little cakes on a stick and didn’t want anyone to get confused.

Now, as for the cocoa powder – I had unwittingly used Dutched cocoa powder – and I feel funny about it because I looked so much into the differences between natural and Dutched cocoa powders, studied online pictures, that I thought I would know. That I could tell the visual differences between the two without so much as batting an eyelid. Well, I was wrong. How did I find out that I was using Dutched cocoa powder? I was on Green and Black’s website, looking at their cocoa powder– which I had bought for my adoption post in which I’d made Jenn’s chocolate mochi cake – and my first thought was only that there was some mistake, if I had picked up Dutched cocoa powder I would know.

I picked up the container and scanned the label…nothing about it being Dutched. Then I peeled away that label, the kind that seem to be stuck on a lot of packages (usually if only to give nutritional information) on top of whatever information is written on it and I saw it – alkalized, or Dutched. Even more ironic is that this happens after I’ve written all about the importance of knowing your chocolate. I’ll remember to not only read the label next time, but maybe look under the label as well.

Happy Thanksgiving, everyone!

~~Linked to Slightly Indulgent Tuesdays and Gluten-Free Wednesdays ~~

Grain-Free Chocolate Popover Cakes
Adapted (barely) from The Gluten-Free Almond Flour Cookbook by Elana Amsterdam

The only thing I tweaked was the amount of agave nectar, just reducing it by a quarter of a cup. If you want to make the layer cake as seen in the book, simply double the recipe.

Makes 1 dozen cupcakes or 1 (9-inch) round cake


2 cups almond flour
1/4 cup cocoa powder, natural or Dutched/alkalized
1/2 tsp. baking soda
1/2 tsp. salt
3/4 cup agave nectar
2 large eggs
1 tbsp. vanilla extract


Preheat oven to 350°F and line a standard muffin tin with paper cupcake or popover liners. (If using popover liners, you’ll notice in the photo that they are narrower than the muffin cups. You could also use a popover tin, if you have one.)

Mix the dry ingredients together in a bowl. In another bowl, mix the agave nectar, eggs, and vanilla. Pour into the dry ingredients and stir, mixing completely until it’s become batter. The baking soda in the batter is already starting to react, so take advantage of it. Don’t leave the batter sitting out or you’ll lose some of that rising power. Scooping or pouring, divide the batter among the paper liners, filling halfway full.

Bake for 27 to 30 minutes or until a cake tester or toothpick comes out clean from the centre. Cool completely before frosting. Enjoy!

Marshmallow Frosting
Adapted from The Gluten-Free Almond Flour Cookbook by Elana Amsterdam

In the cookbook, Elana mentions how it is based on a recipe by Elaine Gottschall. I am familiar with that recipe and have made it before, with honey. This is a very good equivalent for whipped cream, especially good on pumpkin pie. While the frosting uses egg whites, I believe the warmth from the heated agave nectar helps cook it. The only thing about this frosting is that it separates when it settles if it isn’t whipped well enough.

For an egg-free marshmallow frosting, you can make marshmallows sweetened with agave or honey, but not whipping it so long. If you go with this option, I would recommend frosting the cupcakes as soon as possible before the marshmallow completely sets and making it impossible to do anything with, other than eat it or make into s’mores.


1/2 cup agave nectar
2 large egg whites
Pinch salt
Squirt of fresh lemon juice
3/4 tsp. vanilla extract


Bring the agave nectar to a boil in a small pot. Lower to a simmer, cooking for 4 to 8 minutes or until its colour has darkened slightly. Beat egg whites with a pinch of salt and lemon juice to stiff peaks. While continuing to whisk, slowly pour in the agave nectar until completely mixed. Whip in the vanilla, continuing to whip for another 5 to 10 minutes or until it’s reached soft peaks. To help thicken it further, refrigerate or, to thicken it faster, place in the freezer for about 15 minutes. Elana recommends this only be kept in the fridge for 24 hours. Frost the cupcakes and enjoy!

12 thoughts on “Grain-Free Chocolate Popover Cakes (GFCF)

    1. Hi Maggie, thank you. 🙂 A number of the recipes do call for eggs, though all the cookie recipes, most of the pies (including pie crusts), and some of the savoury ones are egg-free. Most of the recipes that call for eggs, including this one, I’m sure could be easily made with an egg substitute.

  1. Hi,

    I tried to make these as cupcakes & using honey. They rose, but then collapsed in the center. Any recommendations? I did use a handmixer. Is that the issue?

    1. Hi Cheryi, the only possibilities I can think of are that your cupcakes rose too quickly, which caused them to collapse, and the contributing factor that the batter might have been overbeaten, leading to trapped excess air. You mentioned using a hand mixer; it might be the issue, depending on the speed setting used but I don’t think it is absolute. Elana often uses a hand mixer for her baking demonstrations. I hope you find this helpful. Good luck!

  2. I have leaky gut with a gluten, wheat, sorghum, rice, potato, egg, banana, etc etc etc intolerance. My birthday is this Saturday and this is the closest thing I can find to a suitable cake for me 🙂

    Since I can’t use Ener-g egg replacer (it has potato starch) I’m gonna try to use 1/2 cup of apple sauce… Do you think that’ll work out alright?

    1. Hi Michelle, happy birthday! I can’t say for certain that the applesauce would work, since I haven’t tried it and that this isn’t my recipe but it might. You may also consider these natural, not-from-a-box egg replacers:
      For the second egg replacer, simply use the amount of baking soda in this recipe with the vinegar. Don’t use both amounts.

      Give them a go and experiment! I’d like to know how your chosen egg replacer works out for you. Good luck!

        1. I love Elana’s book. Haven’t tried this recipe yet; I bet it will be fantastic with maple instead of agave!

          I am just seeing this conversation from nearly a year ago, but maybe I’ll be in time for your next birthday. Chia seeds work really well as a non-flax, binding egg substitute, if you tolerate them. I like to grind them to powder if I’m using them in place of eggs, but you don’t have to. Use just like flax eggs – about 3T water (or almond milk) to 1T seeds yields about 1/4 cup gel, or the equivalent of one egg. Let it soak for at least 10 – 15 minutes. You may not need quite as much chia, depending on the recipe, so play with each recipe and see how it works for you.

          You can make a slightly larger batch, refrigerate, and use for a couple days.


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